Maybe you’re designing a map for the first time and your curious on what components you need. In this video, I discussed with a few side commentaries:
In summary, you need your basic legend, scale, north area as well as optional neatline and title. Neatline is only needed if you are not placing your map in your MS Word document, since you can generate an outline around an image. The next optional component is a title, where you may not need it if you have a built in caption.
Other considerations include colour, where blue should only symbolize water.
If you have any questions, feel free to contact me.